Inspirado na Nova História (de Jacques Le Goff) “Prima Luce” pretende esclarecer a arquitectura antiga, tradicional e temas afins - desenho, design, património: Síntese pluritemática a incluir o quotidiano, o que foi uma Iconoteologia
Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 23:50link do post | comentar

Justice has been, for sure, the main prerogative of royal power. In times where there was bilingualism, or even more linguistic sources, generally known (because some were polyglots…); as it happens in our actual situation, with English language having primacy before other idioms.

Languages that were, as one knows in Europe until Modern Age, Latin -perhaps also Greek and Hebraic? – and naturally the inborn languages: that subsequently began to gain its own importance, above Latin.

To who tries to know the past, we suppose this is an indispensable fact, one must not forget.

Another circumstance to remember is the main role of Justice: the enormous relevance it had. And if different idioms provided architectural shapes, that before were Ideograms (and «philological materials»*) the same occurred with Justice: as it has been, also, the reason for the incorporation of important ornaments -or particular details- in architecture.

Not only because Justice has been an essential power, but as we can perceive, because many aspects of life converged in a desire of salvation: first here, on Earth, in everyone’s lifetime; after –many, or all, felt the necessity of being justified– by God.

Thinking nowadays and the way people are treating our innovations we have to ask:

How to build a fairer society, in Enterprises, Schools or chiefly in People's Heads, in their simplest acts, when in appropriate places –of Government, Public Administration, and so on…- Justice fails? Why to wait common standards of respect and civility, if fundamental and countless laws and their practice, are not systematically inspected, verified or made obligatory?

Our Ph.D. studies will be recognized in a country like this? Where those who should protect creativity and intellectual production are the first to hide it**?

Or the first being dishonest in their strongest desire to deny the effectiveness of our findings… 

With letterings or without, Architecture has been always a language: something different of construction, where words are redundant…
(click on the image)


*See Hersey, G. The Lost Meaning of Classical Architecture, the MIT Press, 1988, and the illustrations we chose

**Notice that some of them helped us, enormously, until certain point. Perhaps when we spoke of a specific Glossary we intended to make?

And after things turned...


Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 18:00link do post | comentar

«MEDIEVAL IDEOGRAMS», «MONSERRATE-I» and the «GOTHIC SURVIVALS» that preceded it, are the themes for the next (long) post in:

Meanwhile we insist in the question of International Monetary Fund, we posted some days ago*; but adding general information we know (and they do not have or they ignore), as the existing injustice and the titles above:

How Fast Can Portugal Grow…”, a society where Justice and truth are permanently denied?

Where democracy is for the opulent and influential persons: those accessing, easily, newspapers and media; or even law courts. That are not teachers or researchers, occupied in honest and demanding efforts...


* See, and

Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 00:00link do post | comentar

…the essential ideas on our areas of research


Read the information given by our supervisor in the Faculty of Fine Arts of the University of Lisbon:

"Origins, Meaning and Evolution of Artistic Styles:
Evolution of Concepts in their Cultural Contexts from Antiquity to the Modern World." (*)

A relevant discovery existing since 2002 (and other findings made until 2010, recognized by who knows better our thematic researches) remains silent and hidden.

Is it to avoid perturbing some powerful persons: a small number of «professors»; which, perhaps (?) may feel weakened or fragile, because the history of artistic and architectural styles is different from the one they have known?

Or (possibly?) these innovations shall occur, and shall be known only in the next generation? But still not yet; not now, as it is too soon: let us wait!

Considering the present situation what shall we choose?

  1. The institutional entities position, and the University passion for scientific growth (that we see as nothing) with expressions like: "Don’t hurry! Be happy! You have a lifetime to live! Avoid mental fatigue! Wait forever…!"
  2. Or our guidelines: doing our best to be focused, the maximum we can? Surviving in a (strongly) ironic manner, towards those who want to put an end in our findings. Those which in their deeper desires, they still pretend nothing happened. Those that keep untouched – and naturally in an inevitable growing - their own intellectual poorness!

Besides, Portugal wants to stay, always, a poor country? Indifferent towards Creativity, Industry or Modernity: as written often, about the past, J.-A. França. Indifferent also to the personal realization of every Portuguese: man or woman?

For how long can the Portuguese University remain asleep? Or:

"How Fast Can Portugal Grow?" (**)


(*)Coordinator: Professor Fernando António Baptista Pereira -

A theme that we know and can prove, IADE intends to ignore. History of Art is taught but only in the traditional way and without any new interpretations: even if proposed - or if they were discovered - by its own teachers.

(**) See page 2 - in:

And see also:

Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 23:10link do post | comentar


Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 00:30link do post | comentar

In our last posts, as we stated, from the University of Wisconsin, Madison, Google digitalized (and studied) Monserrate uma nova história*.

The words were counted and for instance the expression «Palácio de Monserrate» was repeated at least 25 times.

The name of «Horace Walpole» we mentioned it 67 times. But his father’s name - Sir Robert Walpole, and his cousin, also called Robert Walpole (the British Envoy to Portugal since 1772, someone Madame Du Déffand has wanted to «change» and influence**); in spite of the important connections between Portugal and England in that time, and their roles in History, we only talk about them some few 14 times.

But other expressions we introduced in our thesis - associated to the new themes we found - are kept ignored, and worse of it, they are being hidden or silent in University  Some of them, such as Gothic Survival, or words like Ideograms and Organograms, were used much less.

One of those words is «Theology» that by the end of our searches we began to understand this subject was strongly (and directly) connected with architecture: the word is found seven times.

And for example Gothic Survival - as we realized what are the main differences between Gothic Revival and Gothic Survival – this expression is much more frequent: 22 times.

This is a significant point, one of the reasons to say that Monserrate Palace is a repository of Architectural History

A theme that is «routine» and unexciting to several schools, faculties or even to the University of Lisbon.

 Contributions to the History of Monserrate. Image: west façade by James Knowles (c. 1858)

Conferences held from 2007 to June 2009. Published by Friends of Monserrate, Lisbon 2009.

In portuguese we want to reinforce our ideas, inscribed above on the title:
Há muito tempo que sabemos o valor do nosso estudo sobre Monserrate. Tudo temos feito para a sua divulgação, mas sempre soubemos que haveria de vir de fora o reconhecimento relativo à qualidade que nos esforçámos por atingir. Em investigações consecutivas, onde não esperávamos atingir informações tão importantes. Estudos que sendo na área da Arquitectura (ou por isto mesmo?) não deixaram de trazer consigo inúmeras outras informações: primeiro surpreendentes, depois consideradas úteis e extraordinárias para a compreensão do passado. Sobre:
Como se pensou? Porque se fizeram obras que vemos agora como Arte e como Beleza, mas cujos propósitos não foram exactamente esses...? O que era o Conhecimento? As suas componentes, que diferentes matérias de estudo e modos de produção passaram pela imagem e hoje são vistos como Arte...???    



** See Monserrate uma nova história, Livros Horizonte, Fev. 2008, pp. 91 and 177.   

See also:

Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 18:00link do post | comentar
Today we will write on this subject. How the Publishers and now Google Books are more useful to Portuguese Investigators, than the Universities where they may study or teach.



Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 12:00link do post | comentar

Notice that our book is not forbidden, even if it looks so, in some Lisbon areas – where people would like to make it disappear (as in medieval times)!

See Google readings:

and Orbis information:

See also:

Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 12:00link do post | comentar

Os nossos dois blogs passaram a ter público que não fala português:

eis a razão para alguns posts em inglês.

Our blogs have a new audience: here's the reason for some posts in English.

Notice that the Summary you can find using the following link was written after M. D. studies, in August 2004.

This was the result of a M.D., by an architect with more than 25 years of professional experience without mental impediments on the investigation in the History of Architecture. I just searched and explored - if there was a minimum of sense... - to understand the architecture of Monserrate: an English Palace built in Portugal in the 19th century (1858-64).

See also:


Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 00:00link do post | comentar

"...Like the Magi we have discovered a star."* 


"Detail of the left side of the triumphal arch mosaic, depicting the Epiphany or Adoration of the Magi. The young Christ is seated on a throne and attended by angels and Mary on the right."**
Photo ©


* See: "VI. The Star of Bethlehem and the work of a scholar on the relationship between science and faith".

INTERS - Interdisciplinary Encyclopedia of Religion and Science, edited by G. Tanzella-Nitti, P. Larrey and A. Strumia,

**Our detail

From: Santi Cosma e Damiano, a roman church (triumphal arch mosaic) built 527, restored 8th century, renovations 1632.

See also:

Jan 13
publicado por primaluce, às 17:00link do post | comentar

... todos juntos, sobre aquilo que nos une e aquilo que nos divide, a verdade é que não estamos sós*.


Aqui - em Primaluce e em Iconoteologia - não inventámos um tema só nosso. Pelo contrário, em Março de 2002 apercebemo-nos, por um enorme golpe de sorte, daquilo que está subjacente à Arte e Cultura Europeia, em matérias que muitos têm investigado (com métodos diferentes dos nossos).

Legenda - clicar sobre a imagem

*Pelo contrário estamos bem acompanhados.

 novo post em:

mais sobre mim
Janeiro 2013






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